Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/scary-diseases-caused-by-bacteria-373276. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can all cause meningitis. Microbes known as archaeons frequently live in ex… The infection typically begins after the bacteria are inhaled and reproduce at a rapid rate in the lungs. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. Symptoms, including burning, stabbing, throbbing or grinding pain, may begin in the hands and may spread throughout the body. 10 Diseases Caused by Bacteria … MRSA is most commonly acquired as a result of hospital stays. The disease has been around since 10,000 BC and was responsible for 300 million deaths since … MRSA is a strain of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria or Staph bacteria that have developed a resistance to penicillin and penicillin-related antibiotics, including methicillin. Infectious diseases emerging throughout history have included some of the most feared plagues of the past. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare disease that is also extremely difficult to treat. It depends on what scares you. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, BSE â€“ Mad Cow Disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease basically causes an infected individuals brain to become porous (great big holes develop), and the individual begins to exhibit signs of dementia, memory loss, speech problems, loss of balance, loss of motor … This isn’t limited to the skin either they can occur in the mouth and throat. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare disease that is also extremely difficult to treat. ThoughtCo. Don't believe us? A CFR is the proportion of people diagnosed with a disease who die from the disease (cf. 1. Bacteria can reside in any location or climate on earth. Other clinical manifestations of filarial worms include intense abdominal pain, rashes, arthritis, and papules. Bacillary dysentery is an intestinal inflammation caused by bacteria in the genus Shigella. Anti-Vaxxers Cause Temporary Closure Of LA’s COVID-19 Vaccination Site, We Must Prepare For Next Pandemic “Like The Threat Of A War,” Says Bill Gates, Biden Wants To Ban Calling COVID As ‘China Virus’, Thought Nasal Swabs Were Bad? These bacteria can adhere to various types of instruments, including medical equipment. Normally, when our body undergoes damage, it heals itself. Some bacteria live in extreme environments and are known as extremophiles. Such losses are caused by increased mortality and morbidity, … Leprosy is not a highly infectious disease but can be transmitted via droplets, often from the mouth and the nose, from untreated patients. Regina Bailey is a board-certified registered nurse, science writer and educator. Ebola ranks high for its case fatality rate alone. Fact Check: Can Mouthwash Help Prevent Covid-19 Transmission? https://www.thoughtco.com/scary-diseases-caused-by-bacteria-373276 (accessed February 4, 2021). Meningitis is treated with antibiotics. In a number of developed countries, TB has increased with the rise of HIV infections due to HIV's weakening of the immune systems of infected persons. "Slither" is an outrageous, wildly imaginative combination of monster movie, alien invasion movie , infection movie, and gross-out fest. He agreed to donate his body for the sake of science before he died and his skeleton is displayed at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. While a number of bacteria can cause pneumonia, the most common cause is Streptococcus pneumoniae. mortality rate).The infection fatality rate (IFR) is the proportion of people infected by a disease-causing agent, including asymptomatic and undiagnosed infections, who die from the disease… Other serious bacterial diseases include cholera, diphtheria, bacterial meningitis, tetanus, Lyme disease, gonorrhea, and syphilis. The world is out to get you. Isolation to help prevent the spread of an active infection is also typical of treating this disease. Pica is an eating disorder where an individual feels the compulsion to eat things without any nutritional value. The bacteria can cause weakening of the immune system, affect the liver and the blood, and ultimately cause death if proper medical treatment is not sought. Cholera is a diarrheal disease caused by a bacterium that is usually spread through water or food systems that lack proper sanitation. People develop this type of infection most commonly by the entrance of bacteria into the body through a cut or other open wound in the skin. In patients with FOP, this healing also occurs, but the problem is that the damaged tissues, including muscles, tendons, and ligaments, are replaced with bones. It is very important that the antibiotics start as soon as possible after infection to help reduce the risk of death. At its worst, cholera can go from asymptomatic to fatal in just under three hours. Most instances of infection occur in areas with poor water and food sanitation. Research also revealed that patients suffering from CRPS may also develop mental health problems such as anxiety disorder and depression. Around the world, approximately 3 to 5 million cases per year with approximately 100,000 plus deaths occur. Still, some experts suggest that Merrick’s condition is a combination of Proteus Syndrome and other disorders including microcephaly, neurofibromatosis, and hypertosis. Botulism is a rare yet extremely fatal bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is caused by the bacteria namely Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Often accompanied by headaches. The world is plagued with diseases that threaten mankind – diseases that bring pain, suffering, and despair to whoever may have the ill fortune of acquiring them. New infections continue to emerge today, while many of the old plagues are with us still. Dysentery is also spread by individuals who do not wash their hands after using the toilet. If MRSA bacteria gain access to internal body systems and cause a staph infection, the consequences could be fatal. Bacterial meningitis is an inflammation of the protective covering of the brain and spinal cord, known as the meninges. That’s how I ended up feeling after compiling this list of horrifying, permanently scarring, eternally terrifying rare diseases. Hence people do not consider the need for medical treatment which eventually leads to to late diagnosis. Patients eat anything from dirt, paint, hair, to things as gross as feces. Also, it can live on or inside animals, people, and plants. Cholera is a food-borne disease typically spread by food and water contaminated with Vibrio cholerae. It can be fatal in up to one-third of cases. In addition, there aren’t enough blood cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. These are strong, sharp pains in the face region. Treatment can be long, lasting from six months to a year, depending on the severity of the infection. Doctor Says Anti-Vaxxers Should Be Denied Ventilators or Intensive Care, Man Moves Out Of Flat After Seeing Creepy Face While He Was Alone, Over 300 Hospitalized After ‘Mysterious Illness’ Hits India, 38-Year-Old Man with Severe Back Pain Discovers He Has Three Kidneys, New Flu Virus Found In China Has Pandemic Potential, Says Scientists, 61-Year-Old Man In Hong Kong Gets Diagnosed With Rat Hepatitis E Virus. From tuberculosis germs to flesh-eating bacteria to pathogens of the plague (yes, that plague), the urban environs of America are rife with terrifying diseases. Any further injury that the body sustains result in the development of more bones and causes more rapid deterioration. The classic symptom is the body being covered in pox, fluid filled pustules. In 2011, there were 10,528 reported cases of tuberculosis in the United States, and although TB cases in the U.S. have declined since 1992, doctors remain concerned. Scientists remain baffled as to what actually caused Merrick’s condition. Pica occurs more commonly in children than in adults. Basically, this bacterium produces the substance botulinum, a type of lethal neurotoxin that paralyzes different muscles. Legionnaire's Disease, caused by the Legionella bacteria, festers in moist environments. Cholera can range from mild to severe. He came to the point where his body remained completely immobile, except for his lips. Although the roots of the disease were in the Ganges Delta in India, cholera has since … Antibiotics are used to treat tuberculosis. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are bacteria that can cause serious health issues. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. A meningococcal vaccine can help prevent it for those who are most at risk of developing this disease. It is caused by certain types of bacteria, including Fusobacterium necrophorum and Prevotella intermedia, and commonly affects severely malnourished children around the ages two to five years old. Tuberculosis can be deadly without proper treatment. The condition may be treated using anti-helminthics. It results from the breakdown of the central nervous system, usually after a serious injury. 3 Pathogens Responsible for the Infection, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), How Antibiotics Can Make Bacteria More Dangerous, 8 Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Bacteria, Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Rare Disease, Especially for the Healthy, A.S., Nursing, Chattahoochee Technical College. Genetic, infectious, parasitic and everything in-between, these 15 diseases scar their victims for life and scar us mentally having looked at them. Bailey, Regina. Bailey, Regina. Necrotizing fasciitis is not typically spread from person to person and occurrences are random. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Botulism occurs in many types: food borne, wound, infant, and respiratory. Around 5,700 … Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease of the lungs. Conversely, a number of diseases that impact humans are caused by bacteria. Like cholera, dysentery is typically treated by hydration. In some cases, the bacteria become pathogenic and cause pneumonia. A person with leprosy develops skin lesions that have the potential to cause irreversible disfigurement if left untreated. In newborns, the most common causes of bacterial meningitis are Group B Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes. Poverty, poor oral hygiene, and malnutrition play important roles in determining who gets this disease. Bacteria that cause diseases are known as Pathogenic Bacteria. Fortunately, CRPS is treatable through surgery and physical therapy. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a condition that causes an individual to suffer from excruciating and debilitating pain at just a mere stroke of the skin. Credit: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 5 Types of Bacteria That Live on Your Skin, What Causes Meningitis? The bacteria infects the tissue around the mouth. Other symptoms include neck stiffness and high fever. Dysentery symptoms can range from mild to severe. With this post, a general introduction to the disease, we start a series of articles about avian colibacillosis. S. pneumoniae typically reside in the respiratory tract and don't normally cause infection in healthy individuals. Emycetoma is a fungal infection that primarily affects the legs and feet but can also affect other parts of the body. MRSA is typically spread through physical contact and must breach the skinâthrough a cut,Â for exampleâto cause an infection. The best way to prevent the spread of Shigella is to wash and dry your hands properly before handling food and avoid drinking local water in areas where there may be a high risk of getting dysentery. In patients with FOP, this healing also occurs, but the problem is that the damaged tissues, including muscles, tendons, and … The disorder results in swelling of the face and extremities, weakness, nausea, and lightheadedness. Here are ten of the scariest diseases ever known to affect humans: Noma is a rapidly progressive form of gangrene that affects the mouth, face, or genitals. It affects the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract and causes nerve damage. Scroll on, and see for yourself. These substances are responsible for the symptoms that occur withÂ bacteria relatedÂ diseases. Bacteria are organisms that are all around us and can be helpful. SUICIDE DISEASE “I’d say Trigeminal Neuralgia AKA Suicide Disease. Colibacilosis is one of the most common infectious bacterial diseases in the poultry industry and one of the main causes of economic loses. Bacteria aids food digestion, nutrient absorption, vitamin production, and protect against other … A severe headache is the most common symptom of meningitis. Smallpox is possibly the most horrific looking of any disease. The deadliest disease in the world is coronary artery disease (CAD). They produce poisonous substances called Exotoxins and Endotoxins that present various mild to serious symptoms. Similar to cholera, it is spread by contaminated food and water. (2020, August 28). 15. The infection begins as a painless swelling. With this scary disease, the amoeba travels up the nose and into the brain, where it results in primary amebic meningoencephalitis, an infection causing headache, stiff neck, fever, and hallucinations. Heart disease and stroke are more likely to kill you than any disease, but if you have a choice of what to catch, your odds are better with the flu than with kur… Learn about the top 5 most deadly infections one can contract. Healthy individuals with properly functioning immune systems, and who practice good wound care hygiene are at low risk for developing the disease. These bacteria can infect bones, joints, heart valves, and the lungs. Around the world, approximately 3 to 5 million cases per year with approximately 100,000 plus deaths occur. Other types of bacteria that can also cause necrotizing fasciitis include Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella, and Clostridium. Its treatment includes behavioral strategies utilizing a multidisciplinary approach with psychologists, physicians, and social workers. The disease is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or even talks. Infectious diseases can be caused by: Bacteria. Some theories suggest that it is the result of a maternal impression, one that roots from a negative experience that could have caused Merricks mother to develop deep emotional trauma. China Rolls Out Anal Swab Testing For Covid-19, Global Covid-19 Cases Surpass 100 Million, Biologist-Priest Is Currently Developing A Cheaper Yeast-Based Oral COVID-19 Vaccine, Researchers Developing Smartphone COVID Test That Yields Results in 10 Minutes, Man Weeps As He Meets Deceased Wife One More Time Through Virtual Reality, UK To Open Worldâs First Airport For Electric Flying Cars This November 2021, ‘Game-Changing’ Anti-Covid Nasal Spray Is Reportedly 99.9% Effective, Diners Eat Inside An Airplane At This McDonald’s In New Zealand, Monsanto, A Unique, Quiet Town in Portugal, Kazakhstan Uses Borat’s Line “Very Nice!” For Its Tourism Campaign, Alberobello, An Odd Yet Beautiful Place With Unusual Homes in Italy. This disease is also known as the Black Death caused by bacteria Yersinia pestis that commonly affects wild rodents. The strain responsible is the … Cholera is typically treated by hydrating the infected individual. If needed, most pneumonia has a high probability of cure with antibiotic treatment. The infection can be cured using multi-drug therapy. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by a number of bacteria. The filarial worm worms its way into the eyes of its susceptible host and decides to live there. Cholera is a food-borne disease typically spread by food and water contaminated with Vibrio cholerae. Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, typically attacks the lungs and can be fatal if left untreated, according to the CDC. Five of the scariest antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the past five years. Infectious diseases like measles … There are several diseases caused by bacteria that affect the human body. Bacteria are beneficial as well as harmful. Those afflicted with SCA also lose the defective blood cells up to 12 times faster than those … This article was most recently revised and updated by Kara Rogers , Senior Editor. Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. The specific bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis vary based on the age of the infected person. Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. It can also be treated with antibiotics based on severity. A man named Harry Eastlake had FOP and lived up to the age of 40 years. By HealthPrep Staff. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to aids. Of course, diseases like Ebola make the list as an extremely infectious and deadly disease. S. pyogenes are flesh-eating bacteria, producing toxins that destroy body cells, specifically red blood cells and white blood cells. In more severe cases, antibiotics may be used to help the person recover. The flu pops up throughout the world every year, but the virus is at its most dangerous when a new strain emerges – such as the H7N9 bird flu currently circulating in Asia. A pneumococcal vaccine can help protect those who are most at risk of developing this disease. A gruesome video reveals the top 10 scariest diseases in the world. Symptoms include a high fever, coughing, and difficulty breathing. HIV made all of our short lists, and it's still not preventable, although treatments are available that can mitigate symptoms for years. Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water.These diseases can be spread while bathing, washing, drinking water, or by eating food exposed to contaminated water. Caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, TB is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent. The infection can the spread to other parts of the body. Streptococcus pneumoniae are cocci shaped bacteria. Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a very rare medical condition that presents as recurrent episodes of massive leakage of plasma and blood components from the blood vessels to adjacent anatomical structures such as muscles and body cavities. It is believed that increased temperature and reduced salt levels lead to bacterial propagation. CRPS may also cause swelling, joint pain, numbness, and insomnia. It mostly infects the lungs, bones, abdomen and also the brain. ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/scary-diseases-caused-by-bacteria-373276. Also called ischemic heart disease, CAD occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. S. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. Her work has been featured in "Kaplan AP Biology" and "The Internet for Cellular and Molecular Biologists. Often, some of these diseases may even result in death – if not a lifetime of torment. Below is the list of some human diseases … Acute gingivitis is thought to be the precursor to the disease, and secondary bacterial infections cause the gangrene. Blaschko’s Lines Which diseases are the scariest? You may not have heard of some of them before, but believe us, they are worth knowing. BacteriaÂ are fascinating organisms. Bacteria that cause disease are called pathogenic bacteria, and they do so by producing poisonous substances called endotoxins and exotoxins. ... serious and permanent health problems including infertility can result if the disease goes untreated. The dangers of pica include intestinal obstruction, anemia, infections, or toxicity from ingested substances like lead. Normally, when our body undergoes damage, it heals itself. Noma typically occurs in Africa and Asia but cases have also been documented in Europe and the United States. But what are the most dangerous infectious diseases? Thus, he was called the “Elephant Man.” His face became lumpy and his right arm grew several sizes to that of his left arm; both his lower extremities also grew excessively larger than normal. They are all around us and many are helpful to us. However, others also believe that Merrick has a condition called Proteus Syndrome, a disorder caused by abnormal bone development and overgrowth, causing tumors to develop all over the body. Woman Puts Her Dog On A Raw Food Diet And Intermittent Fasting, Simple Lemon Hack Gets Rid of Annoying Flies Within 30 Minutes, Turkish-German Power Couple Sends Hope with New Pfizer/BioNTech Covid-19 Vaccine, Pringles Japan Releases Limited Edition 1.5-Meter Cans For Hungry Fans, Self-Taught Chinese Watchmaker Sells Watches For $80,000 Each, Tiffany & Co. 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